Scientific Park of Preventive Medicine and Occupational Safety — Latest systems and technologies
The founders of the Science Park (NP): three state research institutes and five research and production and industrial enterprises. Created by the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated February 03, 2010 No. 93,
Installation of presowing treatment of seeds "Parostok"
Yield increase: corn up to 15%, winter wheat varieties "Soyuz" and "Victoria" 15-27%, Potatoes up to 43%, Sunflower up to 65%, Buckwheat up to 70%. 58 crops were studied, which are grown in Ukraine and are the main agricultural crops in almost all European countries.
The potential of microwave technology to increase the efficiency of obtaining products with new, higher consumer qualities has earned the recognition of active and progressive agricultural specialists. In Ukraine, as a result of pioneering developments, design and technological improvements, as well as more than twenty years of experience and testing, the "Microwave plant for pre-sowing seed treatment" has been developed, manufactured and prepared for practical use, which has proven its high economic efficiency, promise and versatility in the processing and disinfection of various seeds of agricultural crops.
The essence of the proposed technology lies in the fact that with microwave stimulation of the seed cell nucleus, there is a significant increase in its internal energy and potential, which in turn leads to a 2-4-fold increase in the energy of their germination and germination, volume (up to 3- x times) and the strength of the root system (including before wintering winter crops), increasing frost and drought resistance, reducing the ripening period by 10-12 days.
Results of the experiment on the influence of the MW field on the phytopathogens of seeds of winter wheat and winter barley.
(Firm smut, fusarium, rot)
Also extremely important, both economically and ecologically, is the effect of seed disinfection from diseases and pests, which is present in parallel with pre-sowing stimulation, without the use of pesticides.
Microwave seed treatment technology was developed in Odessa, and pilot implementation was carried out in different regions of Ukraine: Odessa, Ivano-Frankivsk, Vinnytsia, Zaporozhye, Nikolaev, etc. Almost everywhere, more than positive results were obtained. The research results and application experience were summarized by the Ministry of Agrarian Industry of Ukraine in the Methodological Recommendations "Technology of Microwave Seed Treatment of Agricultural Crops". national economy, vol. 7-8 by the head of the Firm V. V. Pankeev. It should be noted that the specified Firm is a seed-growing, i.e. with increased requirements for the quality of products. Sown areas - 6 thousand hectares. The total increase in yield due to an increase in the yield of seed grain of winter wheat varieties "Soyuz" and "Victoria", etc. over 5 years of widespread use of innovative technology, fluctuated over the years within 15-27%, amounted to more than 11 thousand tons and plus more than 1.5 million hryvnia due to the abandonment of pesticides.
Results of the experiment on frost resistance of winter wheat variety Donetska-48.
Thus, the use of the MW-stimulation of seed material significantly increases the field germination of seeds, accelerates the vegetation of plants, increases their resistance to drought, frost, “fuses”, pests and pathogens, and most importantly, increases the yield of almost all agricultural crops, which can be decisive. importance for the overall economic performance of the economy, especially in conditions of risky farming (primarily droughts). It should also be noted separately that the new properties of seeds obtained by microwave treatment are stored for several months, which makes it possible to prepare the seed material in advance.
Results of experiments on the treatment of rice seeds.
MINIMUM COST OF PROCESSING ONE TON OF SEED MATERIAL 2000 UAH.
(OR 70 USD AT THE NBU RATE, BUT NOT LESS THAN 2000 UAH/TON)
|Seed processing cost calculator|
|seed crop , crop area Ha|
The amount of grain for sowing - 0 t., the cost of grain for sowing - 0 uah.|
Minimum yield increase 10% - 0 t., the cost of the harvest - 0 uah.
Minimum increase in profit - 0 uah.