Microwave plant for presowing seed treatment


Heads of agro-industrial companies,

 Agricultural enterprises, For farmers


Microwave plant for presowing seed treatment


The potential of microwave technology to increase the efficiency of obtaining products with new, higher consumer qualities has earned recognition  активных и прогрессивных специалистов-аграриев.

В Украине в результате пионерских разработок, конструкторско-технологических усовершенствований, а также  более чем двадцатилетних опытов и испытаний  разработана, изготовлена и подготовлена к практическому использованию «Микроволновая установка предпосевной обработки семян», которая  доказала свою высокую экономическую эффективность, перспективность и универсальность при обработке и обеззараживании различных семян агрокультур.

Сущность предлагаемой технологии заключается в том, что при  микроволновой стимуляции ядра клетки  семян – происходит существенное повышение его  внутренней  энергии  и  потенциала,  что в свою очередь приводит  к  увеличению в  2-4 раза  энергии  их  прорастания  и  всхожести,  объема (до 3-х раз)  и силы  корневой  системы (в том числе перед зимовкой озимых), повышения морозо- и засухоустойчивости, сокращения на 10 – 12 дней сроков созревания урожая.

Also extremely important both economically and ecologically present in parallel with pre-sowing stimulation эффект обеззараживания семян от болезней и вредителей без применения ядохимикатов.

Технология микроволновой обработки семян разрабатывалась в Одессе, а опытное внедрение производилось в разных областях Украины: Одесса, Ивано-Франковск, Винница, Запорожье, Николаев и др. Практически везде были получены более чем положительные результаты. Результаты исследований и опыт применения были обобщены Минагропромом Украины в Методических рекомендациях “Технология микроволновой обработки семян сельскохозяйственных культур”.

As an example of the successful application of the proposed technology, we present the results obtained in the APF "Alex" of the Zaporozhye region, officially presented and published in the collection "Microwave technologies in the national economy", vol. 7-8 by the head of the Firm V. V. Pankeev.

It should be noted that the specified Firm is a seed-growing, i.e. with increased requirements for the quality of products. Sown areas - 6 thousand hectares. The total increase in yield due to an increase in the yield of seed grain of winter wheat varieties "Soyuz" and "Victoria", etc. for 5 years wide use of innovative technology fluctuated over the years within 15-27%, amounted to more than 11 thousand tons and plus more than 1.5 million hryvnia due to the rejection of pesticides. For reference, on average, about 1,400 tons of winter and spring wheat seeds were processed using microwave technology per year. To reliably quantify the % increase in yield, the farm used several plots of 10 hectares, which were sown with untreated seeds.

Thus, the use of the MW-stimulation of seed material significantly increases the field germination of seeds, accelerates the vegetation of plants, and increases their resistance. to drought, frost, «запалам», вредителям и патогенам, а главное – increases the yield of almost all agricultural crops, which may have crucial для общего экономического результата работы хозяйства, особенно в условиях рискованного земледелия (в первую очередь – засухи). Также следует отметить отдельно, что the new properties of seeds received at microwave processing remain several months, which allows you to prepare the seed material in advance.

In the proposed installation, the shortcomings that prevented the widespread introduction of promising highly efficient innovative technology are almost completely eliminated.

The Science Park recommends that those interested in MW-treatment of crop seeds use the Microwave Plant and its technology on affordable, flexible and mutually beneficial terms.

The Science Park is a partner of the Manufacturer in terms of market search, organization of implementation, personnel training, warranty, technical, service and operator maintenance and support.


Stage: small-scale production


Technical characteristics of the installation:

Power supply, V 220;

Power consumption, kW 3.0 - 6.0;

MW radiation power, kW 1.2;

Productivity, ton/hour 0.4 – 2.0;

Weight, kg 250 - 300;

Dimensions, cm 70 x 90 x 296;

               Loading - from above.

Thus, the use of the MW-stimulation of seed material significantly increases the field germination of seeds, accelerates the vegetation of plants, increases their resistance to drought, frost, “fuses”, pests and pathogens, and most importantly, increases the yield of almost all agricultural crops, which can be decisive. importance for the overall economic performance of the economy, especially in conditions of risky farming (primarily droughts). It should also be noted separately that the new properties of seeds obtained by microwave treatment are stored for several months, which makes it possible to prepare the seed material in advance.

Leave a comment